Voice of OC chronicled an ongoing crackdown by the Orange County Supervisors on public comments with the supervisors considering changing the policy after a Voice of OC reporter was threatened with arrest while reporting on a public meeting.

The story chronicled:

  • The board chairwoman limiting public comments to one minute (the Ralph M. Brown Act says public comment limits must be “reasonable.”
  • How some executives were allowed to go over the time limit while most homeless advocates and county workers were held to one minute.
  • The ACLU’s challenge of the speech limits.
  • How Mohammed Aly was forced out of a supervisor meeting by sheriff’s security officers after he went over his time limit and identified the supervisors each by name during his comments. Reporter Nick Gerda continued reporting even as he was threatened with arrest for simply filming the removal of Aly.
“The public has a right to know” what happens during a recess, said Terry Francke, general counsel to the open government nonprofit Californians Aware and Voice of OC consultant. “Because they (the supervisors) could be violating the Brown Act” by meeting secretly in violation of California’s 64-year-old open meeting law.


We filed a lawsuit, under the California Public Records Act, against the county after officials refused to release documents that shed light on how a top OC Public Works executive was allowed to resign quietly just before the District Attorney charged him with multiple felony sex crimes against subordinates. Our suit ultimately forced officials to release some of the documents and secured a $120,000 judgment against the county for attorney fees.


Our consistent watchdog coverage helped usher in a new sunshine ordinance that, among other things, requires city officials to make their calendars public; requires public hearings on the city’s ongoing strategic plan; and gives residents real-time input on city budgets.


When Voice of OC first launched, Santa Ana City Council members violated California’s open meetings law every time they held a regular council meeting by opening the meeting in private. Our reporting led to the city ending that practice in 2011.


We revealed wide inconsistencies among Orange County cities and their handling of emails. Some cities were destroying emails after 30 days, some after 90. Some had no policy at all. The Public Records Act calls for all California government agencies to keep emails related to city business for a minimum of two years. After Voice’s story exposed the practices, a legal threat from the First Amendment advocacy group Californians Aware was enough to convince the city of Irvine that its email policy – to destroy all city emails after 30 days – needed to be revamped.


Voice of OC filed and won a lawsuit against the city of Westminster, saying it must make public a legal claim against the city filed by former Police Chief Kevin Baker. The city fought disclosure of the 14-page complaint for more than a year.

“Citizens clearly have the right to know whether their cities have incurred any legal obligations or violations. A claim from the police chief is among the highest order of documents that the public needs to see.”

–  Voice of OC Publisher Norberto Santana, Jr.

In the records, Baker claims that corruption runs rampant in the city of Westminster, alleging that council members operate like a “gang” and try to use the police to pressure local business and punish political enemies.


Voice of OC won a law suit against the County of Orange over records related to the investigation into former county Public Works executive Carlos Bustamante, who was convicted of committing multiple sex crimes against women who worked for him. The hundreds of pages of documents detailed aspects of the “culture of fear” that many workers reported inside county government.

EMAILS • 2017

Superior Court Judge Walter P. Schwarz ordered the county to give Voice of OC emails between Supervisor Todd Spitzer and a former county information officer about Spitzer’s handcuffing an evangelist at a Wahoo’s Fish Taco restaurant.

The county tried to keep the emails and a draft opinion piece about the citizen’s arrest written by Spitzer confidential, claiming the “deliberative process” privilege exempted the documents from the California Public Records Act. The emails are between Spitzer, who said after the incident he felt threatened but evangelist, and former county Public Information Manager Jean Pasco. The draft opinion piece was Spitzer’s insights into what happened.

Spitzer handcuffed the evangelist, Jeovany Castellano, at Wahoo’s in Foothill Ranch on April 3, 2015. Voice of OC sought the emails and editorial through a public records request but was forced to file the law suit when the county refused to make them public. The Board of Supervisors then voted to fight the lawsuit.

County supervisors voted unanimously to pay Voice of OC $121,396 in legal fees after losing the lawsuit. In the ruling, the county was allowed to keep separate a set of emails related to a county contract with the preacher’s employer. Under California law, when a court rules that a local government improperly withheld public records, the government agency must pay the legal bills of the person or group that sued.

“I find it sadly ironic that Supervisor Spitzer lauds his commitment to government transparency in his statement yet fought viciously against the release of these records for more than a year. In addition to threatening reporters and the California Shield Law, Spitzer has wasted countless hours for County Counsel, our newsroom, as well as taxpayer money to keep these records shielded.”

– Norberto Santana, Jr., Voice of OC publisher

Lawsuit seeking Bustamante records (link) supported by other media (link) and ultimately not
heard by the state Supreme Court (link) and County pays VOC legal fees (link)
Judge squashes request for VOC’s photos from riots (link)
City report revealed after VOC threatens lawsuit (link)\


A project that explored Orange County’s immigrant health paradox, in which second-generation immigrants to the U.S. have significantly higher rates of diabetes and other Western maladies than their parents.
Immigrant health paradox series (link)
Homelessness – Voice of OC’s biggest impacts:
Courtyard shelter
Rising deaths of homeless people
Lack of sufficient beds/anti-camping ordinances
More money spent on fixing homeless problems rather than just helping the homeless
Available $700 million
Lack of mental health spending
Mismanagement of kicking the homeless out of the riverbed
Santa Ana gentrification (link)
In Anaheim, we showed how powerful business interests that controlled the city council majority routinely pushed through policies that benefited Disney and local hoteliers at the expense of working-class neighborhoods. This reporting influenced the ACLU’s approach toward a lawsuit, which in turn triggered a ballot initiative that created a council-districts system that gives low-income communities more equal representation on the city council.


A series that exposed the dire health consequences suffered by the crowded living conditions that many people in Santa Ana endure.
A series that highlighted disparities in park space in Orange County cities showed how residents of park-poor neighborhoods faired significantly worse on a variety of community health indicators.
Three-part series on park space disparity (link)
Rose Tingle and the animal shelter
Editorials by community members about the homeless
Accounting for Activists
Dwyer Middle School protests against solar panels amid graduation ceremony


Politicians paying rent with campaign money
Redistricting supervisor story by Tracy
Pulido’s questionable business partners
OCDA office nepotism (link)
Feet to the Fire forums in Costa Mesa
Ethics commission
Family hiring in Garden Grove (link)
Disney influence on Anaheim elections
Our daily presence at the county Hall of Administration building has all but ended a tradition of patronage that saw influential political aides to county supervisors move back and forth into civilian jobs within the county bureaucracy – many times avoiding competitive recruitments for jobs and increasingly politicizing agencies.
Bilodeau invalid billing (link)
Cunningham controversy in Anaheim and his connections (link)


High-speed rail mismanagement (link) – “we killed high speed rail” – the trains are faster than they were, but they were not scheduled or anything
County supervisors using public funds to help their reelection campaigns
Anaheim’s “green deal gone bad” (link)


Nick’s reporting on San Onofre
Effectiveness of gang injunctions
Edward Vargas story (link) (link) (link)
How CHP investigates accidents involving deputies
Lynch ambulance findings (link) and Lynch pays settlement (link)
How the DA office collects DNA samples – spit and acquit (link)


Angel stadium lease (commentary by CJR on our story)
The DA and the fairgrounds sale Veterans memorial at OC Fairgrounds – the attempted privatization of the fairgrounds and how our reporting – developer types wanted to privatize it – and our coverage of people who didn’t want that – and our detailed legal coverage of the lawsuits about the sale – the more we published the coverage ran out the clock on the Schwarz term and Brown took the sale off the blocks – 2010 brown’s staff found the possibility and wanted to sell off all the fairgrounds – investors in OC wanted to do this and conspired to try and sell the fairgrounds for some sort of development plan – once activists and other uses found out about this they started rallying – 50,000 signatures – our coverage was key for activists to always be able to tell their story – it was the public being able to make the decision – community was able to have that discussion in public – instead of it being secret – because of the public discussion – it wasn’t costed out and didn’t make sense from a lot of different angles – our coverage lasted until the last moments  – jan 1 New Years day they held a meeting – Norberto wrote about it on new year’s eve – real time journalism makes a difference
Pulido property swap triggered city attorney investigation (link)
Our reporting also uncovered a real estate deal between the mayor of Santa Ana and a city auto parts contractor that has led to multiple investigations by local and state authorities.
And when the council tried (ultimately without success) to push through a new team-friendly stadium lease deal for the Angels over a Labor Day weekend, we responded quickly and showed how our nimble approach to monitoring the civic calendar informs the community on important issues in real-time, rather than after it is too late. As a result of our reporting, the original framework of the proposed lease was scrapped and the community is having a greater say in the terms of a future deal.